Most of the Indian temple are constructed as energy centers, there are many ways of energizing the temple of which Abhishekam is one. Abhishekam is conducted by priests by pouring libations on the deity amidst the chanting of mantras from the Vedas. Usually offerings such as milk, curd (yogurt), ghee, honey, sugar, coconut water, rose water, sandalwood paste may be poured among other offerings depending on the type of abhishekam performed.
Our body is made up of five elements of which Water comprises of 72 percent, Earth 12 percent, Air 6 percent, Fire 4 percent and Akasha (Space) 6 percent. As Water constitutes 72%, its very easy to transform the energy. Water act as medium for transformation of energy. It is necessary to maintain the idol / Sanctum sanctorum always wet so that the energy radiates at its peak. As it’s open to public, frequent visits of people will recede the energy, to keep up the energy at its peak there are certain rituals to keep it fully vibrant. Abhishekam is a part of the ritual.